Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of heart disease-related death in the United States. Also called coronary heart disease, CAD reduces blood flow in the arteries and can lead to a heart attack. Uncontrolled CAD is an extremely dangerous health condition, but with early diagnosis and treatment, CAD can be effectively treated to reduce the risk of adverse events.
Causes of Coronary Artery Disease
CAD usually develops as a result of damage to the inner lining of a coronary artery. When this damage occurs, fatty deposits of cholesterol plaque generally build up at the injury site, reducing blood flow. Excessive plaque buildup in the arteries means that the arteries cannot supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart and other parts of the body.
Risk Factors For Coronary Artery Disease Include:
Family history of heart disease
Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease
Symptoms of CAD may not present right away. Most people may not have any serious symptoms until the heart fails to get enough arterial blood for normal function. These symptoms may include:
Burning sensation in the chest
Shortness of breath
Treatments for Coronary Artery Disease
The team of cardiologists at Advanced Heart and Vein Center strives to help prevent, diagnose, and effectively treat your coronary artery disease, with the goal of lowering your risk for heart attack and keeping your heart as healthy as possible.